Disaster Risk Reduction Programme
The main disasters facing the county are drought and floods. The county has been experiencing prolonged drought which has resulted in a shortage of food, loss of livestock and shortage of water. The pattern of drought has changed drastically with more frequent occurrences resulting in scarcity of water leading to reduced livestock fodder and less crop production. This at times leads to over 50 percent of the population depending on relief food. Due to persistent drought, livestock and human diseases are frequent and development resources are diverted to take care of emergencies arising from these disaster occurrences. Floods make roads such as those crossing the Chalbi Desert impassable, thus disconnecting transport.
The Department of Disaster Management has two thronged approach in dealing with disasters: Preparedness and Response. The programme focuses on building safer, resilient and sustainable communities in Marsabit in the light of recurrent shocks. This is done through creating awareness and training in disaster preparedness, climate change, environmental management and supporting communities to take measures in tree planting, marketing of livestock, enhancing nutrition status as well as cash for work. Emergency response is integrated in the other thematic activities.